26 New Republic: the Parliament

xFlagParlamento (Last edited 20130625 at 14:48).

The Parliament is composed of citizens of the Republic with full citizenship and without conviction at first instance (may therefore be ongoing proceedings in the first instance).

Eligible persons must be over 45 years also. Each of them must declare its specific competence before any election and that its jurisdiction should be in the public domain, e.g. John Smith, surgeon, with special recognition of experience related to the medicine. Parliament cannot deal with Health, but they shall do (as we shall see below) if called upon to decide. John Smith, where the decision involve health, will have three votes. Peter Black, said archaeologist, in the same decision will have one vote only.

The members are elected every two years to fifty per cent, and thus remain in Office for four years altogether, renewing every two years the House for half. Members may be re-elected a second time and a third time but not consecutively: it takes at least a range between three possible legislative elections in Deputy. You don’t need too many MEPs: fifty are more than enough, more or less ten by type, as we shall see below. However, no fewer than five for each category or type. The MEPs cannot miss the meetings, except with a medical certificate. An independent organ of Donations Sphere checks such absences. Every year 1% of MEPs will be fired and replaced by those who were not elected. Once elected, the deputies have the same obligations as jurors in the courts.

Of course, political parties do not exist.

Voters are citizens of the Republic with full citizenship, should be without past res judicata convictions. Must be 33 years old.

Remember that all those who have undergone a definitive sentence to a term of imprisonment exceeding three years have reduced citizenship: they cannot vote. The concept of citizenship at a reduced degree is intermediate between full citizenship and the loss of citizenship, which is handed down to those final sentences longer than six years. An even more serious is the ostracism or banishment. These are just examples: the matter will be obviously thoroughly examined by experts.

For particularly horrible cases may be handed down the death penalty, not applicable if not after twenty years by the ruling.

The death penalty could be applied especially to all those who took the oath at the hands of the President of the Republic. A grand jury proceeds in secret session, not to disclose confidential information and, if the subject is deemed liable to criminal proceedings, he is referred to public legal proceedings, which will take into account in particular the fact that there was the oath. Also remember that there are, in the new Republic, no differences between the various types of offences: tax offences, for example, are strictly punished like other crimes and so on.

This necessarily implies that taxation should be fair and equitable. A Special Committee at the Sphere of Donations will protect the citizen against abuses.

This electoral body appoints the Parliament and the President of the Republic.

There are three Vice-presidents, Vice-President appointed by the State Sphere, Vice-President appointed by the Economic Sphere and the last appointed by the Donations Sphere.

All those who belong to the State Sphere (with the same characteristics as above, 33 years and so on) elect the Vice-president of the State.

Similarly happens to the Economic Sphere and to the Sphere of Donations.

No citizen can belong simultaneously to more than one Sphere.

Parliament can be called from other two Spheres to decide on issues on which otherwise it would not be able to act.

The Parliament of the new Republic will have a limited legislative power: to Bureaucracy, Judiciary, Diplomacy, Defense and Circulating and Issue Banks: in practice, limited to the State Sphere (except for cases in which it is called upon to rule). Even in these Subdivisions, Parliament will not have any portfolio, but delegated powers based on financial capacity. Let’s take a practical example: all provisions for the bureaucracy, such as laws, regulations and anything else will be provisionally decided by Parliament. In the law that it is going to issue, Parliament will describe the costs and their coverage.

The President of the Republic and the three Vice-presidents will vote for approval, where the President will have three votes and the three Vice-presidents one vote. In the event of a tie (three vs. three) will count only the vote of the Vice-president designated by Donations.

At this point the Internal Economy Council will approve the law and its coverage. Thereupon the Internal Donations Council will approve or reject the law passed by the Internal Economy Council. Finally, in case of approval, the Internal Council of Credit Banks  splits, where appropriate, the financing.

The above will happen whether we are talking about State Expenses with Coverage.

If we are speaking about State Expenses without Coverage, the President of the Republic and the three Vice-presidents must approve unanimously. The Internal Economy Council must approve to 75%. The Internal Donations Council must approve to 80%, having consulted the advisory opinion of the Internal Council of Credit Banks. The components of this last Council will express the opinions that will be transformed into scores and, where possible, always held the calculations for scores, in order to fire the usual 1%.

Each MP must have a professional identification. The relations about future laws must always be carried out by parliamentarians. A law cannot be a collection of rules on various topics of different types. A law must relate to a specific topic and the parliamentarians, already identified as experts on this issue, will have three votes.

This is why each voter will have five votes (if there are 5 types of topics) and with these votes will elect a parliamentarian Bureaucrat (Bureaucracy expert, with a patent for that purpose), a parliamentarian versed in judiciary, an expert in diplomacy, one in Defense and one in  banking . Clearly (for example) the goal is that a law on the judiciary is related by a graduate in law, discussed by all and then put to the vote, where those who are experts on the subject will have three votes. After this, the Parliament indicates the expense and decides if the law is with or without cover, follow the drawing above.

A clear feature is therefore that members are differentiated by competence and their vote (three votes) are worth more when the Deputy is  a authorized expert. This topic is here treated so superficially: the important thing is that the concept has been understood.

Currently, a young member of Parliament is called upon to adjudicate on medicine, archaeology, science, sports, religion, customs, habits, traditions,  gastronomy, tourism, volcanology, seismology, plate tectonics, navigation, agriculture, fisheries, international law, accounting, economics, finance, corporate laws and we could continue. Also, suppose that all members are like Pico della Mirandola, they are nevertheless divided into parties and although the opponent, representative of the other party, were to say something of interesting, the opponent will try to hinder him anyway.

Not to mention the fact that the member is designated by the party or by local acquaintances: either way, he will not be free to decide according to science  or conscience .

Of course, new members who have voted a law (there are no secret ballots) will score depending on whether they voted for or against a law that has had success or not: no decision, in this system, should be taken without future repercussions for those who approved or not.

For example, a member who votes against the law on nuclear power plants and then you notice that the plans should be left in place, he should not have voted incorrectly without consequences: the interest of the community is that such a person should no longer harm, especially he committed other mistakes before. Probably some, if not many, of the things exhibited here are not applicable, but the general approach should be this.

There will be an Audit Committee of Parliament (joint between Economics and Donations) to check with periodic surveys (among professionals) the effectiveness of the various laws and their intrinsic objectives approach of the law itself. The components of the Control Committee of Parliament swear fidelity and are exposed to severe penalties if they do not fulfil their duty. We could write for days on these topics but we are trying to provide a general framework.

Parliament is not heard (unless explicitly instructed) and it can’t pronounce on subjects that relate to the other two Spheres, i.e. Economics and Donations.  Each of the two Spheres is pronounced about their skills and also for these skills, which are laws in all respects, the Republic will  put in place control mechanisms similar to those already described.

The Constitution is amended by:

The vote in favour of the Sphere of Donations.

The Favourable vote of one of the other two Spheres at least.

The vote in favour of the President of the Republic.

The favourable vote of two Vice-Presidents.

The previous four conditions shall be all true.

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